D3.2 Country Report | July 2021

Authors: Emilia Lounela, Laura Horsmanheimo, Roosa-Maria Kylli, Kanerva Kuokkanen & Emilia Palonen – University of Helsinki

The aim of this report is to detect and review general trends of violent radicalisation through an inductive analysis of hotspots that epitomise them. The analysis identifies, contextualises and then quantifies distinct occurrences of physical or emotional violence that are characteristic of and central to the trends. The report does not aim to deliver a theoretical overview of all socio-economic or geopolitical shifts that shape the contemporary manifestations of violent radicalisation, nor does it attempt to produce an exhaustive catalogue of these manifestations. The main objective is instead to scrutinise specific, pivotal moments – hotspots of radicalisation – that represent a culmination of general radicalisation trends and provide meaningful insights into their rise and expansion. We have chosen three hotspots of radicalisation to present and analyse in this report.