D3.2 Country Report | July 2021

Authors: Adnan Pečković, Jasmin Jašarević, PRONI Centre for Youth Development

This report will examine the trends of radicalization in Bosnia and Herzegovina using two hotspots as that represent the manifestations of radicalization in currant Bosnia and Herzegovina. One of the hotspots will present religiously motivated radicalism embodied in Mevlid Jašarević who is a member of Salafi community in Bosnia and Herzegovina, who executed an attack on the United States embassy in Sarajevo and the second hotspot represents ethno-nationalistic radicalism embodied in Chetnic movement (Serb radical ethno-nationalistic organization) and its gathering in Višegrad
(Town in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Using the two above mentioned hotspots and perpetrators involved in events mentioned report will analyse three levels of radicalization:
• Micro level: Personal Factors (Background of Individual Actors)
• Meso Level: Social Setting Factors (Groups, Networks, Communities)
• Macro Level: Institutional, Systemic and Structural Factors

Analysing the three levels of radicalization will give us an overview of factors driving and supporting radicalization that correlate with each of the identified hotspots.

This report will also talk about factors that are related to political and socio-cultural environment of the individuals responsible for the hotspots that facilitated the violent acts. These facilitating factors of radicalization will give us an overview that make violent acts possible or attractive.

Using I-GAP spectrum, constructivist method, the report traces the motives that drive radicalization of perpetrators described in the hotspots. For each hotspot, country reports will examine four aspects of radicalization that motivate individuals to engage in violent extremism. Country reports will ground the chosen hotspots in perceptions of injustice, which lead to grievance, alienation and polarization (I-GAP), and finally culminate in the violent act.