D3.1 Country Report | April 2021

Authors: Adnan Pečković, Jasmin Jašarević

This report examines the main radicalisation and de-radicalisation processes in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including main influences of certain individuals, institutions and groups who influencing these processes. It will also discuss types of radicalism that has been recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2001 and what are the main drivers of radicalism in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

This report also includes information on who are the main actors of radicalisation and de–radicalisation processes in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including political influence of certain political parties and their relationship towards existing radical (extremist) groups active in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

As this report will show, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, we witness two types of radicalism with different ideological influence. One of them is the religiously motivated radicalism (mostly Islamic) and the other is ethno-nationalistically oriented radicalism that is present in political expression and among some ethno-nationalistic radical groups. Throughout this report we will see that radicalism, especially the ethno– nationalistically oriented type, is structural in the sense that it has its roots in political parties and that it is institutionalized through social institutions, such as educational institutions, presented through their curriculums.

This report will also talk about the efforts officials and institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina on different levels have implemented, in order to combat radicalism in Bosnia and Herzegovina, such as producing and implementing strategy and action plan for combating terrorism in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It will also show change and the efficiency of certain lows that were changed after producing strategy and action plan for combating terrorism.