D4.1 Country Report |  December 2021 


Author: Roland Fazekas – Glasgow Caledonian University 

This report shreds light on the constitutional principles of Hungary and how the legal system deals with the advanced level of radicalisation in the country. Most importantly, it is widely discussed in the report that there is an element of politics in relation to (the lack of) national de-radicalisation projects. In order to demonstrate how the regime change played crucial role in the emergence of far-right political parties, we pick up the thread in the 1990’s. While the considerably short era of capitalism since 1989 gave a chance to the society to build a democracy in which the people are no longer threatened by the political elite, this report establishes the current governing party Fidesz as a new driver of radicalisation in Hungary. As our case studies demonstrate, legislation and the media is often used to further radicalise the society, whereas the authorities lack those sets of tools that could potentially stop aggression and hatred against minority groups. Since the current legal system was re-worked around 2010 when the Fidesz party won the national elections for their second time, there is a radical conservative, often far-right influence that encompasses the Hungarian Constitution and the legislative system in general.