D4.1 Country Report |  November 2021 

Author: Julia Glathe, Freie Universität Berlin 

The report provides an overview of the constitutional principles and legal and policy framework that guide state measures against radicalisation in Germany. It discusses the historical specificity of Germany’s modern day policy approach to de-radicalisation. The approach builds on the concept of ‘militant democracy’, developed in the post-war former Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) for preventing extremism before any attacks on the democratic order actually materialise. Using the examples of two case studies, the report discusses some of the shortcomings of the ‘militant democracy’ approach and demonstrates the significant role of civil society in preventing radicalisation and promoting democracy, pointing to the specific challenges of de-radicalisation efforts in the fields of right-wing extremism and Islamism.