D3.7 | July 2023

Author: Tarik Basbugoglu – Glasgow Caledonian University, UK

Gender-Based Violence (GBV) has been the cause of growing concern in Europe and beyond in recent years. In this report, we select EU members, namely Poland, Hungary and Italy and EU Candidate countries including Bosnia and Kosovo in order to express the weakness of EU institutions to prevent GBV whereas they have tried to establish a “feminist” and “queer friendly” policies (Ammaturo, 2015; Latcheva, 2017; Korkut & Ziya-Eslen, 2011). In this case, we analyse why the EU has failed to protect women and LGBTQ+ people from GBV within and beyond its borders (Godzisz, 2019; Mazey, 1998).

In reviewing these international examples, this report highlights how gender focused radicalization committed by men has triggered homophobic, transphobic and misogynistic violence.

One of the focuses of this report is analysing how toxic masculinity triggers GBV against females. In such cases, constructed gender identities play a critical role in terms of encouraging males to be violent against females.

This report will underscore the impact of far-right propaganda that stimulates GBV as well. It examines how far-right and populist political groups have encouraged “manhood” over women and non-white males.

This report will highlight how certain prejudices against queerness community triggered violence against the transgender and homosexual people.